CHARLES ZACHARIE LANDELLE
A fine antique oil on canvas Orientalist portrait painting by Charles Zacharie Landelle (1821-1908) of a Gypsy Woman.
Works by this artist often achieve high prices at auction. Some other examples of his works are included at the end of the photos.
Frame: Presented in a later giltwood frame.
Signature: Lower left.
Provenance: Queen Juliana of the Netherlands. Sotherby’s, Amsterdam, March 14 2011 Lot #765, sold for £12,975. (see last photo). Colin Stodgell Fine Art (label verso).
Painting and frame are both in good condition. There is some re-touching visible under a blacklight.
Measurements: Painting measures 45 x 26cm and the overall frame 67 x 48cm.
Biography: Charles Zacharie Landelle (2 June 1821, Laval – 13 October 1908, Chennevières-sur-Marne) was a French painter who specialized in portraits. He is best known for his Orientalist works.
His father was employed by the préfecture of Laval. In 1827, his family moved to Paris when his father was transferred and he would not return to his hometown until near the end of his life. In 1837, at the age of sixteen, he was admitted to the École des Beaux-arts, where he studied with Paul Delaroche and Ary Scheffer. He began by painting portraits largely as a means of supporting himself.
These were a great success and he had his first exhibition at the Salon in 1841. His works came to the attention of King Louis-Philippe and he was awarded a medal. Soon, he became an official painter and received numerous state commissions. His portrait sitters also now came from a higher level of society. In 1852, Napoleon III bought several of his works and became a great admirer. Thanks to him, Landelle was awarded the Legion of Honor in 1855.
In 1859, he received a major commission from the Emperor to decorate the salon of the Élysée Palace. He painted six doorways with allegories of the Four Elements plus Peace and War. He was very prolific overall, producing somewhere between 2,000 and 3,000 works, counting duplicates. One painting was redone in twenty-three different versions.
After voyages to North Africa and the Middle East in 1860, he produced a number of Orientalist works. He also visited Morocco in 1866, but went as part of an official delegation rather than as a painter. In 1875, he went to Egypt and sailed the Nile with the explorer, Auguste-Édouard Mariette. Every year after, he made painting trips to Algeria. He became known as the peintre des fellahs (painter of fellahs).
He later began a campaign to create an art museum in Laval, which he inaugurated in 1895, along with President Félix Faure. Today, it is known as the Musée des Sciences.
He died in 1908. The largest number of his works are in Laval, but may also be seen at the Louvre, the Palace of Versailles, Musée Ingres, Musée des beaux-arts de Reims, Musée de Grenoble and the Musée des beaux-arts de Rouen.